5 quality, cheap destinations for doctoral study
You do not have to pay any tuition fees when doing research students in Germany or Finland, countries with many world-class schools.
Do you want to be a PhD student in a world-leading quality place without having to pay a heavy financial burden? If yes, consult the list of countries listed by the Top Universities below. These are 5 countries with many world-renowned educational institutions, and help you pursue research for free or at a relatively low cost.
Germany is famous for its good academic quality, high standard of living and free tuition regardless of nationality.
There are 43 German universities in the top 750 of the world's best universities on the QS World Rankings 2019. Some famous institutions are Technische Universität München (ranked 61), Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München (62) or Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg (64).
Besides, some German cities also make the list of the best cities for studying abroad by QS such as Berlin or Munich.
France has 11 universities in the top 300 of the world, with the highest ranking being Université PSL (ranked 50) and Ecole Polytechnique (65). The country is an ideal destination for doctoral students with low tuition fees at public schools. Accordingly, graduate students will only have to pay a nominal fee of about 440 USD / year (more than 10 million).
The top student cities in France include Lyon, Toulouse and of course Paris - which is always ranked among the top 5 best student cities for QS thanks to its low tuition fees and lots of internationally recognized university.
Finland offers full tuition waivers for all PhD students, regardless of nationality. The country has two universities in the top 150 of the world, the University of Helsinki and the University of Aalto. Finland's capital Helsinki is also ranked 75th in the world's best city rankings for students.
Sweden is not only famous for having more than 29 national parks and 4,000 nature reserves but also known for its quality higher education system. The country has free tuition for all PhD students and has a few scholarships to help students cover living costs.
Eight Swedish universities are in the top 350 in the world, of which the highest position belongs to Lund University (ranked 92), KTH Royal Institute of Technology (104).
Public universities in Norway waive tuition fees for all students, regardless of nationality. You only have to pay a fee to the student fund to support for exams or sports facilities. This fee is about 35-72 USD per semester. Of course, as with all Nordic countries, the cost of living in Norway is also high and you need to find scholarships to cover.
In terms of university quality, there are four Norwegian universities in the QS world rankings, of which the University of Oslo leads at 135.